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Who Makes the News?: Global Media Monitoring Project 2015 PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, diversity, womken, journalism, reporters, research, study, statistics, all media formats, online, traditional media, resources for media

Global Media Monitoring Project 2015 key findings suggest there have been only slight improvements in the past 20 years concidering women's inclusion in the global media. For example, since 2005 the overall number of women newsmakers rose only by 1 percent - up to 24 percent in total in the traditional media (newspapers, radio, television).

The new digital age did not stimulate the change either, as only 26 percent of newsmakers online are women. Only 1 out of 10 news stories features women and women's issues as their topics. Also, there has been no rise in the number of female reporters in the last decade. There is only 37 percent female reporters around the globe.

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Gender Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity All Regions test
 
UNHCR and Cardiff University Report on Press Coverage of Migrants in the EU PDF Print

Keywords: International, Europe, EU, Germany, Italy, Britain, Sweden, Spain, English, refugee, migrant, asylum seeker, report, reserach, diversity in general, all media formats, tabloids, resources for media

Researchers of Cardiff University combed through thousands of articles written in 2014 and early 2015, revealing a number of important findings for future media advocacy campaigns. Most importantly, they found major differences between countries, in terms of the sources journalists used (domestic politicians, foreign politicians, citizens, or NGOs), the language they employed, the reasons they gave for the rise in refugee flows, and the solutions they suggested.

According to the report commissioned by UNHCR and conducted by the School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, the Swedish press was the most positive towards refugees and migrants, while coverage in the United Kingdom was the most negative, and the most polarised. Amongst those countries surveyed, Britain’s right-wing media was uniquely aggressively in its campaigns against refugees and migrants.

Tags: All Resources Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants Western Europe
 
The Image of Women in the Moroccan Media Study PDF Print

Keywords: International, Morocco, MENA, Arabic, diversity, gender, women, elections, journalism, study, report, research, monitoring, media, all media formats, TV, radio, print, online, resources for media

The Study “The Image of Women in the Moroccan Media in the Run-up to and During Local and Regional Elections 2015” shows that a better representation of women and women's issues in the Moroccan media is needed. This Study produced by the Media Diversity Institute (MDI) in partnership with ISIC Alumni and AEF (Association of Women Start), represents the final product of monitoring process and research led by professor Dr. Abdelouahhab Errami.

Tags: All Resources Media Content All Types of Diversity Gender All Regions Middle East & North Africa
 
The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans PDF Print

Keywords: International, Balkan, France, Charlie Hebdo, journalism, freedom of expression, terrorism, Islamophobia, study, guide, ethics, diversity, all media formats

The study “The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans” analyses how the Balkan media as well as political and religious leaders responded to the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris, while also taking a close look at legislation of freedom of speech in the countries.

“The attacks against the French journalists stirred vivid emotions and considerable reactions, without, however, increasing the Islamophobia in the region. The debates failed to critically tackle the role and limits of the freedom of expression in relation to the freedom of religion. Apparently, the freedom of expression has fewer and fewer supporters even among the media professionals”. These are the main conclusions of the report The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans.

The study was based on national reports prepared by media experts in Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. The report – the first in a series of six dedicated to freedom of expression in the region –  is part of the program South East European Partnership for Media Development, implemented by a consortium of media organizations from Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania.

The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans.pdf

Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity All Regions Eastern Europe (incl. Russia)
 
The Anti-Racism Toolkit PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, hate speech, racism, guidelines, ethics, all media formats

The global nature of the Internet, combined with easy access to technology and, most crucially, anonymity, makes it an ideal platform from which to promote hate.

Light-On Project consortium, which encourages cross-community actions for combating racism and discrimination, and The Migrant and Refugee Communities Forum published recently the Anti-Racism Toolkit. Focusing on internet racist discourse, the project has also produced a more specific booklet: Spot Racism Online.

Tags: Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Initiatives & Projects Ethnicity-Race-National Identity All Regions
 
Study: How does the media on both sides of the Mediterranean report on Migration? PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, diversity in general, journalism, media, migration, migrants, refugees, ethics, Ethical Journalism Network, International Centre for Migration Policy Development, all media formats, resources for media

Media in many countries on both sides of the Mediterranean are under-resourced and unable to provide the time, money and appropriate level of expertise needed to tell the migration story in context. This is the main finding of the study "How does the media on both sides of Mediterranean report on migration?” conducted by the Ethical Journalism Network on request of EUROMED Migration IV, a programme financed by the European Union and implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD).

In this study journalists from 17 countries have examined the quality of migration media coverage in 2015/16 from a national perspective. The study covers nine EU countries: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Spain, Sweden as well as eight countries in the south of the Mediterranean: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia.

How does the media on both sides of the Mediterranean report on migration?

 

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Religion & Belief Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants All Regions All Europe South Eastern Europe (incl. Greece & Turkey) Middle East & North Africa Africa (Sub-Saharan)
 
Study on Salafis in Bosnia by Dr Srdjan Puhalo PDF Print

Keywords: Bosnian, Bosnia and Herzegiovina, salafism, Salafis, study, reserach, media, journalism, all media formats, resources for media

After spending two months with members of the Salafi movement in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a social psychologist Dr Srdjan Puhalo published a detailed study on salafis and salafism. He dedicated one part of the study "Salafis in Bosnia and Herzegovina" to the media portrayal of Salafis.

“They are not terrorists. They are not strange or deviant. They have a specific way of living and they have their own understanding of Islam. Also, they are not a homogenous group as many Bosnian media portray them,” said Dr Puhalo in an interview with the Media Diversity Institute (MDI).

Selefije u Bosni i Hercegovini

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Religion & Belief All Regions South Eastern Europe (incl. Greece & Turkey)
 
Second Study on Diversity and Equality in the French-speaking press in Belgium PDF Print

Keywords: Europe, Belgium, French, diversity, gender, equality, disability, minorities, ethics, study, survey, print, press

Four years after the publication of a Study on Diversity and Equality in the French-speaking press in Belgium, the Association of Professional Journalists (AJP) disclosed new findings in 2014.

The francophone press in Belgium is still largely male-dominated (82.69%) and no change has been reported since the publication of the first Study in regards to gender equality. However, the comparison between the results of the two studies shows that the number of "non-white" people in the French-speaking press in Belgium doubled in three years, from 17% in 2011 to 34% in 2014.

People with disabilities representing 0.16% of the news coverage are still the most excluded social group in the French-speaking press in Belgium.

The study is available in French.

Study on Diversity and Equality in the French-speaking press in Belgium 2014.pdf

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Religion & Belief Gender Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Disability & Mental Illness Older People All Regions Western Europe
 
Reuters Institute Digital News Report 2017 PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, news consumption, fake news, survey.

The Reuters Institute Digital News Report of 2017 reveals new insights about digital news consumption based on a YouGov survey of over 70,000 online news consumers in 36 countries. The report focuses on the issues of trust in the era of fake news, changing business models and the role of platforms.

Some of the key findings include:

  • Only a quarter (24%) of respondents think social media do a good job in separating fact from fiction, compared to 40% for the news media.
  • There are wide variations in trust across our 36 countries. The proportion that says they trust the news is highest in Finland (62%), but lowest in Greece and South Korea (23%).
  • Almost a third of sample say they often or sometimes avoid the news. For many, this is because it can have a negative effect on mood. For others, it is because they can’t rely on news to be true.
  • Mobile marches on, outstripping computer access for news in an increasing number of countries. Mobile news notifications have grown significantly in the last year, especially in the US (+8 percentage points), South Korea (+7), and Australia (+4), becoming an important new route to content and giving a new lease of life to news apps.

Digital_News_Report_2017_web_0.pdf

Tags: Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Reports & Studies All Types of Diversity All Regions
 
New Research: Migrants Invisible in UK Media PDF Print

Keywords: UK, Great Britain, English, immigrants, immigration, media, quotes, under-representation, research, study

The lack of immigrants' voices in media stories regarding immigration and its impact on the UK was revealed in new research conducted by the organization “Migrant Voice”. Only 12% out of those quoted were migrants, in a total of 577 stories about immigration from eight different media outlets.

This research project was undertaken with the goal of assessing how migrants are represented in various media outlets within the United Kingdom.

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants All Regions Western Europe
 
Monitoring Report: Messages of Russian TV PDF Print

Keywords: International, Europe, US, Russia, Ukraine, Eastern Partnership, English, media, monitoring, propaganda, TV, journalism, resources for media

Media monitoring report conducted in 2015 by a Slovak monitoring group MEMO 98, Internews Ukraine and Yerevan Press Club (YPC) of Armenia finds that Russian viewers of television news and current affairs are being told that their country has been targeted by the United States in a ‘western plot’ to bring their country to its knees. Russian TV channels also accuse the US of fomenting the war with Ukraine, while the role of the EU has been downplayed, says the report.

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity All Regions Eastern Europe (incl. Russia) test
 
Mock The Weak – The Representation of Disabled People in the Media PDF Print

Keywords: Europe, English, ILIS, diversity, stereotypes, disability, disabled people, media ethics, all media formats

Media is an important part of our everyday life as it is critical in the dissemination of information to the mass population. In doing this, it holds a strong influence over society, reaches many people, and shapes attitudes “setting the tone of national thought and debate”. Recently, and most publicly as part of the Leveson inquiry, this influence has come under scrutiny. The relationship between the media and disabled people however, has long been turbulent.

“Mock The Weak –the representation of disabled people in the media” sought solutions to both the under representation and misrepresentation of disabled people in the media.

"Mock The Weak –the representation of disabled people in the media”


Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Media Relations & Advocacy Media Content All Types of Diversity Disability & Mental Illness All Regions All Europe
 
MDI Study "Media and Security in Tunisia" PDF Print

Keywords: International, Tunisia, security, media, journalism, sources of Information, extremism, conflict, study, all media formats, resources for media, resources for security officials

Media Diversity Institute 's study “Media and Security in Tunisia” aims at bringing together agents in the fields of journalism, national security, government, and civil society to improve their cooperation and achieve more responsible media coverage of issues related to security in Tunisia.

The study stresses that the collaboration between journalism and the field of security is aggravated due to conflicting interests concerning the flow of information. While journalists are interested in revealing as much information to civil society as possible, security professionals are first and foremost concerned with national security and therefore withdraw any information that could threaten Tunisia’s security.

Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Reports & Studies Media Relations & Advocacy Media Content All Types of Diversity All Regions Middle East & North Africa test
 
King’s College Study on UK Media Coverage of the 2016 EU Referendum Campaign PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, UK, EU, Referendum, Brexit, immigration, migrants, refugees, diversity in general, journalism, media, all media formats, resources for media

A study by King’s College London’s Centre for the Study of Media, Communication and Power, shows that immigration was ‘the most prominent referendum issue’ in the UK media during the EU Referendum campaign in 2016. Most print front pages during the pre-Referendum or Brexit campaign focused on immigration. For example, out of the 195 EU Referendum-related front pages in the UK print media, 99 focused on immigration, followed by the economy with 82 front pages. The study’s authors also highlight a clear and important shift towards a stronger emphasis on immigration during the 10-week campaign.

The study is the first to analyse all articles referencing political issues within the context of the EU Referendum that were published by the 20 main UK news outlets online during the official 10-week campaign, 15,000 articles in total. These outlets include the online platforms of national press and broadcasters as well as online only news outlets. All front-page lead stories on every print newspaper were also incorporated in the analysis.

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants All Regions All Europe Western Europe Middle East & North Africa Africa (Sub-Saharan) test
 
Hate Speech: A 5 Point Test For Journalists PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, hate speech, journalism, test, guidelines, ethics, all media formats, latest resources

Ethical Journalism Network (EJN) published a five point test for journalists to help them identify hate speech and to understand better the possible impact of its dissemination.

The test challenges journalists to think about the status of the speaker, the reach and the objectives of the speech, the content and form of the speech as well as the social, economic and political climate before they decide whether a quotation can be characterised as hate speech.

The moto of the campaign of EJN "Turning the Page of Hate in Media", part of which is the test, is "Don't Sensationalise. Avoid the Rush to Publish. Take a Moment of Reflection.".

Hate-Speech: A Five-Point Test for Journalists [EN]

Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Training & Education Materials All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Roma & Travellers Religion & Belief Gender Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants Disability & Mental Illness Older People Children & Youth Socially Disadvantaged Groups AIDS & Health All Regions All Europe Western Europe Eastern Europe (incl. Russia) South Eastern Europe (incl. Greece & Turkey) Caucasus Region Middle East & North Africa Africa (Sub-Saharan) North America South America & Caribbean Rest of the World
 
Freedom of Expression in Myanmar (Burma): From A to Z PDF Print

Keywords: Myanmar, Burma, English, Burmese, freedom of expression, media freedom, guideline, legal framework, advocacy, all media formats

Under Myanmar’s five decades of military rule, the country’s media environment was one of the most restrictive in the world. The situation has started to change under the democratic reform that the country underwent after 2011.

Recently, new laws have been drafted aiming to promote democratisation and freedom of expression. However the country has a long road to walk as, according to 2014 Press Freedom Index, Myanmar was ranked 144th out of 180 countries.

Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Media Relations & Advocacy Training & Education Materials All Types of Diversity All Regions Rest of the World
 
Finnish Institute on Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Press Coverage PDF Print

Keywords: International, Europe, English, diversity in general, journalism, media coverage, refugee crisis, content analysis, asylum seekers, research

In Finnish, British and Belgian media coverage of the refugee crisis, asylum seeker and refugee are the most frequently recurring terms in the data, a study by the Finnish Institute in London and the Finnish Cultural Institute for the Benelux reveals. All the newspapers report on questions relating to refugees and asylum seekers mostly in a neutral tone, striving for objectivity. The point of view of all of the newspapers is eurocentric. The voices of the refugees and asylum seekers are heard less often than that those of authorities, politicians and experts. In the British newspapers, a particularly high amount of coverage was devoted on the asylum seekers’ journey to Europe. Negative viewpoints towards immigration are heard as well, counter-balanced by the writers’ own comments and commentaries by guest writers.

 

 
Europe’s White Working Class Communities PDF Print

Keywords: Europe, Denmark, Holland, Germany, France, UK, Sweden, English, diversity, social discrimination, working class, research, all media formats

The negative portrayal of white working-class by media which often describe them as feckless and lazy scroungers can further the marginalisation of this social group, says the new research by Open Society Foundations.

The "Europe’s White Working Class Communities" study reveals that negative stereotypes reproduced by journalists can have a distorting effect not only to the community itself but also to the respective policy decisions.

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies All Types of Diversity Socially Disadvantaged Groups All Regions Western Europe
 
Defence Handbook for Journalists and Bloggers PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, journalism, bloggers, defence, law, regulations, privacy, freedom of expression, security, restrictions, prosecution, Thompson Reuters Foundation, Reporters without Borders, Paul Hastings, all media formats, resources for media

The Defence Handbook for Journalists and Bloggers focuses specifically on the application of international legal principles to the work of journalists. It includes decisions and recommendations made by international and regional bodies and courts in relation to various aspects of freedom of speech, including: international sources of law giving rise to freedom of expression and freedom of information principles; defamation; the right to privacy; protection of public order and morality; and national security and state secrets.

Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines All Types of Diversity All Regions
 
Anti-Western Propaganda in the Georgian Media PDF Print

Keywords: International, English, Georgia, Russia, EU, Europe, US, West, human rights, xenophobia, homophobia, journalism, propaganda, monitoring, media, print, digital, resources for media

Media Development Foundation’s (MDF) monitoring report aims to expose and identify the source of anti-Western propaganda in connection to xenophobic and homophobic messages in the Georgian media landscape through the analysis of print and digital media in the period 2014-2015. MDF observed that Western values and human rights such as the ‘legalisation’ of homosexuality and minority rights were presented as a fight against Orthodox Christianity and Georgian national identity. Accordingly, Western endeavours for gender equality were similarly constructed as a threat to Georgia, supposedly attacking Georgian family traditions.

Tags: All Resources Reports & Studies Media Content All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Roma & Travellers Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants All Regions All Europe Eastern Europe (incl. Russia) Caucasus Region
 
Alarming Rise in Self-harming Amongst Young Girls, Study Finds. PDF Print

Keywords: self-harm, internet, social media, teenagers, young girls, suicide, research, report

The British Medical Journal has released a study looking at the number of reported self-harming cases amongst young people in the United Kingdom. Besides the shocking facts uncovered, researchers were also left to figure out why self-harming amongst young people has increased in recent years. A conclusion many drew was that the internet and social media could play a large factor in this, something which has been shown in numerous studies over the years.

Most significantly, the study found that reports of self-harm in young girls (ages 13 to 16) have risen by 68% between 2011 and 2014. It was also concluded that significantly more young girls self-harm in comparison to boys. Specifically, 37.4 per 10,000 girls self-harmed one or more times between 2001 and 2014, whereas for boys the rate was 12.3 per 10,000.

Dr. Nav Kapur, one of the authors of the study, states: “There is some evidence indicating that common mental health disorders are becoming more common within this age group. The internet and social media can be really helpful in preventing self-harm but could have negative effects too and this is a focus of significant research and activity.”

You can view the full British Medical Journal study here.

Tags: Reports & Studies Children & Youth Western Europe
 
A Journalist’s Guide to Inclusive Reporting for Journalism Students PDF Print

Keywords: Guide, Journalism Students, Inclusive reporting, Diversity, UK, disability, gender, religion, sexual orientation, class, Islamophobia

Everybody In’, a book by Birmingham City University, aims to put inclusivity into the heart of the newsroom, ensuring that journalists better reflect the diversity of the UK population and beyond.

The book tackles protected characteristics such as age, disability, gender, religion and sexuality, as well as class, Islamophobia and regionalism, and offers tangible examples of how journalists can embed genuine inclusivity into their work.

This practical guide is directed to journalism students. It offers short sections written by current and former journalists who show the relevance of these issues to their working lives.

Everybody_In_Book.pdf

Tags: Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Training & Education Materials All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Religion & Belief Gender Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants Disability & Mental Illness Older People Children & Youth Socially Disadvantaged Groups All Regions
 
"Reach! Engage! Change!": MDI Media Relations Handbook for CSOs PDF Print

Keywords: International, Arabic, media relations, civil society, diversity in general, minorities, journalism, media in general, guide, handbook, manual, resources for media, resources for CSOs

“Reach! Engage! Change!” is an online media relations guide for civil society organisations publishyed by the Media Diversity Institute (MDI). The first published version is in Arabic.

The author of the handbook is Danica Dasha Ilic, a freelance journalist and media trainer. Nawel Hafid Guellal, Founder & Executive Director of Human Development Network (HDN), wrote a preface to the Algerian edition. The handbook was translated by Farouk Tazerouti.

This edition has been partially based on “A Media Relations Handbook for Non-Governmental Organisations” by the author Sarah Silver, published by MDI and the Independent Journalism Foundation in 2003.  With updated content and new chapters dedicated to digital forms of communication, MDI believes that it has produced a new handbook that will be useful to a new generation of civil society activists. The potential readership of the handbook is not limited to CSO activists only. On the contrary, it can be useful for media professionals and journalists too.

Reach, Eengage, Change" Media Relations Handbook for CSOs.pdf

 

 

 

Tags: All Resources Manuals-Handbooks-Guidelines Training & Education Materials All Types of Diversity Ethnicity-Race-National Identity Religion & Belief Gender Refugees-Asylum Seekers-Migrants Disability & Mental Illness All Regions Middle East & North Africa
 
Strong public service media contributes to a healthy democracy - EBU study PDF Print

A healthy democracy is partially dependent on its public service media, according to a new research by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), the world’s leading alliance of public service broadcaster.

Based on data from 25 European countries, the EBU report shows the positive impact that strong publicly funded television and radio has had on voter turnout, control of corruption and press freedom. It also says that there is a strong correlation between a country’s public service broadcaster’s market and the demand for right-wing extremism.

This research proves that strong public service media organizations can contribute to building healthy societies being linked to democratic governance, social cohesion and citizens’ trust in the media system.

To read the study: EBU-_PSM_Correlations_-_Links_between_PSM_and_societal_well-being.pdf