Studies/Reports/Publications
"Manipulating Social Media to Undermine Democracy" PDF Print

Published: 7 December 2017

Region: Worldwide

Freedom_House_2017_Net_ReportFreedom House in its report Freedom on the Net 2017 concludes that online manipulation and disinformation tactics played an important role in elections in at least 18 countries over the past year, including the United States. Disinformation tactics contributed to a seventh consecutive year of overall decline in internet freedom, as did a rise in disruption and restriction to mobile internet service. Freedom House also concludes that China, for the third consecutive year was the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom, followed by Syria and Ethiopia.

“A record number of governments have restricted mobile internet service for political or security reasons, often in areas populated by ethnic or religious minorities”, says one of the key Freedom House’s report findings. Most of them are those who dispute the authority or fight for greater right, such as the Tibetan and Uighur communities in China, and also the Oromo and Amhara populations in Ethiopia. For instance, last year a Tibetan monk was sentenced to 13 years in prison for creating a WeChat group with intention of “offering prayers for Dalai Lama’s 80th birthday”.

 
A Study on Diversity in the Media in Lebanon, Iraq and Syria PDF Print

Published: 17 November 2017

Countries: Lebanon, Syria, Iraq

Beirut_Naseej_Oct_2017The Samir Kassir-Center SKeyes Foundation, the French media cooperation agency CFI and Adyan Foundation recently published results of their project and a research on diversity in the media in Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. At the closing conference held in Beirut on 18-19 October, the Media Diversity Institute (MDI) representative contributed to a debate on post-conflict reporting.

One of the questions discussed at the conference in Beirut was whether the role of the media is limited to reporting the facts or journalists should actively contribute to a certain vision of society.

 
Dr Puhalo for MDI: “Salafis as Scapegoats in the Bosnian Media” PDF Print

Published: 13 July 2017

Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Salafi_Bosnia“He has grown a beard, he has trimmed his trousers. He must be a sleeper terrorist just waiting to take action.” This inaccurate, malicious and stereotypical image about members of the Salafi movement has been widespread in the media in Bosnia and Herzegovina. That is a conclusion of Dr Srdjan Puhalo, a social psychologist who, unlike many reporters and journalists writing about Salafis, spent some time with the members of Salafi movement in order to get his facts straight.

After spending two months with members of the Salafi movement in Bosnia, Dr Puhalo published a detailed study “Salafis in Bosnia and Hercegovina” dedicating one part to the media portrayal of Salafis in Bosnia. “They are not terrorists. They are not strange or deviant. They have a specific way of living and they have their own understanding of Islam. Also, they are not a homogenous group as many Bosnian media portray them,” said Dr Puhalo in an interview with the Media Diversity Institute (MDI).

 
Media Underequipped to Cover Migration? PDF Print

Published: 7 July 2017

Region: Euro-Mediterranean

EJN_MigrationMedia in many countries on both sides of the Mediterranean are under-resourced and unable to provide the time, money and appropriate level of expertise needed to tell the migration story in context. This is the main finding of the study “How does the media on both sides of the Mediterranean report on migration?” conducted by the Ethical Journalism Network on request of EUROMED Migration IV, a programme financed by the European Union and implemented by the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD).

In this study journalists from 17 countries have examined the quality of migration media coverage in 2015/16 from a national perspective.

 
EJN Report on Challenges for Journalism in the Post-truth Era PDF Print

Published: 10 January 2017

Region: Worldwide

EJN_Ethics_in_the_News_ReportThe Ethical Journalism Network (EJN) launched its new report on ethical challenges for media and journalists around the world. Ethics in the News gives journalists some key tips on ethical survival techniques, tips on how to stick to the facts, protect sources, report fairly on migration, identify hate speech, block fake news and guard against war-mongering and propaganda.

In Europe and America the report looks at how media covered the UK vote to leave the European Union and the Trump election which intensified concerns about the revival of racism, extremism and political propaganda across the western world. Ethics in the News analyses fake news and how journalism with a public purpose can be overwhelmed in a do-it-yourself world of communications that has led to a so-called post-truth movement in which facts and expert opinion are left on the sidelines of public discourse.

 
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