Studies/Reports/Publications
Lack of Diversity in the UK Radio Industry PDF Print

Published: 15 June 2018

Country: UK

8371951320_c555b7c519_oEthnic minorities are significantly underrepresented in the UK radio industry, making up only 6% of staff. This and many other findings were published by Ofcom, the UK’s communication regulator, in a report looking at diversity and equal opportunities in the UK radio industry. The report highlights several problems with the industry, whilst also offering an action plan for the future. Overall, the report displays the importance of diversity within the industry. Sharon White, Ofcom Chief Executive, states in the report: “Listeners expect to hear programmes that authentically portray life across the UK, its nations and regions. But that is hard to achieve if people working in radio do not reflect the breadth of modern society.”

There are  two main problems unearthed by the report: there is a lack of diversity overall in the radio industry, and there is also a lack of data on the topic. Data is essential, as it allows for a clear picture of where the industry can improve in terms of diversity. White highlights this importance: “Only transparency and accountability will help extend opportunities in radio to everyone.”

 
The Role of Community Media for Refugees and Migrants PDF Print

Published: 27 February 2018

Region: Europe

Refugees_and_Community_Media_StudyThe Council of Europe (CoE) published a study on the role of community media for refugees and migrants - “The Spaces of Inclusion”.  The study was produced by the Community Media Institute (COMMIT) based in Austria and several authors - Salvatore Scifo (Bournemouth University), Jonas Hassemer (University of Vienna), Brigitta Busch (University of Vienna), journalist Nadia Bellardi and Helmut Peissl (COMMIT).

"Whereas the media coverage of the ‘refugee crisis’ and the ways in which refugees are portrayed have been in the focus of a range of academic studies and public debates,” the authors of the study emphasise, “media practices, communication needs and possibilities of participation and self-representation of recently arrived migrants and refugees have been rather neglected.

 
"Manipulating Social Media to Undermine Democracy" PDF Print

Published: 7 December 2017

Region: Worldwide

Freedom_House_2017_Net_ReportFreedom House in its report Freedom on the Net 2017 concludes that online manipulation and disinformation tactics played an important role in elections in at least 18 countries over the past year, including the United States. Disinformation tactics contributed to a seventh consecutive year of overall decline in internet freedom, as did a rise in disruption and restriction to mobile internet service. Freedom House also concludes that China, for the third consecutive year was the world’s worst abuser of internet freedom, followed by Syria and Ethiopia.

“A record number of governments have restricted mobile internet service for political or security reasons, often in areas populated by ethnic or religious minorities”, says one of the key Freedom House’s report findings. Most of them are those who dispute the authority or fight for greater right, such as the Tibetan and Uighur communities in China, and also the Oromo and Amhara populations in Ethiopia. For instance, last year a Tibetan monk was sentenced to 13 years in prison for creating a WeChat group with intention of “offering prayers for Dalai Lama’s 80th birthday”.

 
A Study on Diversity in the Media in Lebanon, Iraq and Syria PDF Print

Published: 17 November 2017

Countries: Lebanon, Syria, Iraq

Beirut_Naseej_Oct_2017The Samir Kassir-Center SKeyes Foundation, the French media cooperation agency CFI and Adyan Foundation recently published results of their project and a research on diversity in the media in Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. At the closing conference held in Beirut on 18-19 October, the Media Diversity Institute (MDI) representative contributed to a debate on post-conflict reporting.

One of the questions discussed at the conference in Beirut was whether the role of the media is limited to reporting the facts or journalists should actively contribute to a certain vision of society.

 
Dr Puhalo for MDI: “Salafis as Scapegoats in the Bosnian Media” PDF Print

Published: 13 July 2017

Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina

Salafi_Bosnia“He has grown a beard, he has trimmed his trousers. He must be a sleeper terrorist just waiting to take action.” This inaccurate, malicious and stereotypical image about members of the Salafi movement has been widespread in the media in Bosnia and Herzegovina. That is a conclusion of Dr Srdjan Puhalo, a social psychologist who, unlike many reporters and journalists writing about Salafis, spent some time with the members of Salafi movement in order to get his facts straight.

After spending two months with members of the Salafi movement in Bosnia, Dr Puhalo published a detailed study “Salafis in Bosnia and Hercegovina” dedicating one part to the media portrayal of Salafis in Bosnia. “They are not terrorists. They are not strange or deviant. They have a specific way of living and they have their own understanding of Islam. Also, they are not a homogenous group as many Bosnian media portray them,” said Dr Puhalo in an interview with the Media Diversity Institute (MDI).

 
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