Studies/Reports/Publications
Cardiff University Report on EU Media Coverage of Migration PDF Print

Published: 29 March 2016

Region: Europe

UNHCR_RefugeesDifferences in the way media reported on migrants and refugee crisis in the EU are significant. According to the report commissioned by UNHCR and conducted by Cardiff University, differences occur in source access, terminology ('migrant', 'refugee' and ‘illegal’), news angles, as well as the explanations and proposed solutions to the crisis. The Swedish press was the most positive towards refugees and migrants, while coverage in the United Kingdom was the most negative, and the most polarised. Amongst those countries surveyed, Britain’s right-wing media was uniquely aggressively in its campaigns against refugees and migrants.

Germany and Sweden, for example, overwhelmingly used the terms ‘refugee’ or ‘asylum seeker’, while Italy and the UK press preferred the word ‘migrant’. In Spain, the dominant term was ‘immigrant’. These terms had an important impact on the tenor of each country’s debate.

 
Who Makes the News? PDF Print

Published: 15 December 2015

Region: Worldwide

GMMP_Women_MediaDespite making up half of the global population, women are not proportionately present in the media. According to the Global Media Monitoring Project 2015 (GMMP), only 26 percent of online news and tweets include women. That is slightly higher than the 24 percent of newspaper, television and radio news stories.

Global Media Monitoring Project 2015 key findings suggest that since 2005 the overall number of women newsmakers rose only by 1 percent. Also, only 1 out of 10 news stories features women and women's issues as their topics. According to GMMP, there has been no rise in the number of female reporters in the last decade. There are only 37% female reporters around the globe.

 
Book Preview: Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship PDF Print

Published: 27 August 2015

Country: UK

Photo_courtesy_Flickr_Jennifer_MooShould hate speech always be punished? Does limiting the freedom of expression to some really guarantee greater freedom for others?

Eric Heinze, Professor of Law and Humanities at Queen Mary, University of London, doesn’t seem to think so and argues his positions on his latest book: Hate Speech and Democratic Citizenship (Oxford University Press). The dominant rationales for current hate speech bans are challenged and deconstructed here in a meticulous and informed effort to defend freedom of expression.

 
The study on Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans PDF Print

Published: 14 July 2015

Region: Balkans

Charlie_Hebdo_BalkansThe study "The Charlie Hebdo Effect in the Balkans" analyses how the Balkan media as well as political and religious leaders responded to the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris, while also taking a close look at legislation of freedom of speech in the countries.

In a close-up analysis of responses to the attacks in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia, the study stresses that Balkan leaders and Balkan media have condemned the attacks unanimously, with the majority of Balkan political leaders attending the solidarity march in Paris. Journalists understood this to be a hypocritical PR exercise, as old practices of controlling media are still in practice in Balkan countries, despite new legislation attempting to leave authoritarian practices in the past.

 
Russian TV Messages about a Western Plot PDF Print

Published: 20 May 2015

Country: Russia

Monitoring_of_Russian_TVRussian viewers of television news and current affairs, according to a monitoring report, are being told that their country has been targeted by the United States in a ‘western plot’ to bring their country to its knees. Russian TV channels also accuse the US of fomenting the war with Ukraine, while the role of the EU has been downplayed.

“Russian media have been used as instruments of propaganda in the conflict between Ukraine and Russia. The channels diverted attention from important domestic issues and scared the population with the possibility of a war and the need of Russia to protect itself against an external enemy,” says Rasťo Kužel of MEMO 98, a Slovak monitoring group which conducted a monitoring report in cooperation with Internews Ukraine and Yerevan Press Club (YPC) of Armenia.

 
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